Published: Sun, May 27, 2018
Medicine | By Brett Sutton

Nipah: Two suspected cases in Hyd

Nipah: Two suspected cases in Hyd

Human-to-human transmission has also been documented.

The samples from bats found dead in Himachal Pradesh, which were sent to the Pune institute, have been found negative and the two samples of suspected cases from Hyderabad were also negative.

"Though there is minimal possibility of Nipah virus in Sikkim, but the people need to take precaution", it said in an advisory yesterday in the wake of Nipah outbreak in Kerala. The virus has made its presence felt in India in 2001 and 2007, both of the times in West Bengal where it killed close to 60 people before proper medical treatment could be meted out in affected areas.

The Nipah virus has claimed around a dozen lives in Kerala, but no case has been reported from Bihar.

"Infected people initially develop influenza-like symptoms of fever, headaches, myalgia (muscle pain), vomiting and sore throat". Besides, the virus remains an enzootic disease and only a very small proportion of bats secretes the virus. The virus also spreads directly from human-to-human through close contact with people's secretions and excretions. The virus had previously been placed on the watchlist of risky, potentially epidemic pathogens by the World Health Organization (WHO), and the death toll continues to rise: now, it seems to be over 12, but it's hard to find sources that agree on the exact number as the outbreak is still ongoing.

Their samples were sent to the National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, to check the possibilities of the virus, which has been giving jitters to the medical fraternity and the administration in Kerala. However, the incubation period is between 4 and 14 days from contracting the disease to the onset of symptoms.

Some can also experience atypical pneumonia and severe respiratory problems, including acute respiratory distress.

According to CEPI statement today, through a separate agreement Emergent has an exclusive option to license and control development of Profectus' Nipah virus vaccine.

The virus has not spread beyond Kerala, the government said after investigation by health officials linked the initial deaths to a well colonised by bats whose water the victims had been using. The vaccine is based on Nipah and Hendra virus technology that got its start more than 15 years ago by scientists at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and has already done through multiple preclinical trials. The primary treatment for human cases is intensive supportive care. "People have been advised to keep a distance from bats and pigs".

The virus was first reported in Malaysia among the pig farmers in 1998 and the pigs were the intermediate host.

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