Published: Sat, December 01, 2018
Medicine | By Brett Sutton

United Nations study: climate change threatens the health

United Nations study: climate change threatens the health

"... The report, published Wednesday in the public health journal The Lancet, incorporates the work of [27 global institutions, including United Nations agencies, ] and follows a major climate assessment issued last week by the United States government".

Transport is responsible for numerous air pollution problems of urban areas, and levels are generally getting worse.

"For India, whose large agriculture economy makes up 18% of the country's GDP and employs almost half the population, this translates into substantial climate-related impacts on the workforce and economy", said Dr K Srinath Reddy an author of the India policy brief of the Lancet report, according to a report in The Times of India (TOI). This is what we typically do with the regional and local GAINS model: "giving advice to policymakers on the most efficient approaches to tackle air pollution in their specific settings", says Kiesewetter. "As we reduce air pollution, our patients and our climate will get healthier", she said.

India saw the output of its workforce decline seven per cent - equivalent to the loss of 75 billion man hours - past year due to heatwave conditions, the 2018 Lancet report on health and climate change said on Thursday. China alone lost 21bn hours, the equivalent of a year's work for 1.4% of their working population.

Following release of The Lancet report, the Global Climate and Health Alliance, an worldwide coalition of health and development organizations, called on world leaders to take the actions required to limit global warming to the targets set by the Paris climate change agreement, which President Trump withdrew from a year ago.

Heat rising above physiological limits made sustained work more hard or impossible, the authors said.

Rising temperatures and unseasonable warmth is responsible for cholera and dengue fever spreading, with vectorial capacity for their transmission increasing across many endemic areas. "Areas from Northern England and California, to Australia are seeing savage fires with direct deaths, displacement and loss of housing as well as respiratory impacts from smoke inhalation". There are spikes in heat wave related morbidity and mortality.

In India, average temperatures are set to rise alarmingly, the Lancet Countdown report on health and climate change says. With the Grantham Institute at the heart of climate change and environmental work, it drives forward discovery, converts innovations into applications, trains future leaders and communicates academic knowledge to businesses, industry and policymakers to help shape their decisions.

And they note that except for Queensland, no state or territory has a comprehensive, stand-alone policy to help people adapt to climate change and protect their health. Following current trends we exhaust our carbon budget required to keep warming below two degrees, by 2032. The increasingly warming global temperature could bring extreme weather, food and water crisis, and diseases.

Nick Watt, the executive director of the Lancet Countdown, in a statement said, "These are not things happening in 2050 but are things we are already seeing today". Yield potential is estimated to be declining in every region as extremes of weather become more frequent and more extreme.

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