Published: Thu, February 14, 2019
Medicine | By Brett Sutton

Calgary students, doctors push federal government for change to e-cigarette laws

Calgary students, doctors push federal government for change to e-cigarette laws

"The skyrocketing growth of young people's e-cigarette use over the past year threatens to erase progress made in reducing youth tobacco use", CDC director Robert Redfield, MD, said in a press statement. "It's putting a new generation at risk for nicotine addiction". In fact, a study conducted by the Centre for Substance Use Research UK, to be presented at the upcoming 2019 SRNT Annual Meeting, found that of all surveyed US adolescents aged 13-17 who reported ever using a JUUL device, a majority reported that they had initiated on a flavor not offered in JUUL products. Frequent use (defined as more than 20 days in the past 30 days) of e-cigarettes rose from 20% in 2017 to 28% previous year among current high school e-cigarette users.

"E-cigarettes could be playing a role in the patterns of use we're seeing among kids in terms of cigarette smoking", he said, adding, "It is possible that we are reinforcing and perpetuating dependency". "Indeed, if anything, the evidence to date indicates that e-cigarettes could increase the number of kids who smoke cigarettes".

The Democratic-led legislation seeks to close one of the remaining holes in the state's regulatory framework to limit access by minors to tobacco products and smoking devices - including e-cigarettes, or vapes, which heat nicotine-infused oil to create a vapor that is then inhaled; the devices have soared in popularity among teens. "Currently, more than 7,000 e-cigarette flavors are available".

The team exposed the cells to different concentrations of cigarette smoke, e-cigarette vapour and vapour from a heated tobacco device, and measured whether this was damaging to cells and whether it affected the cells' normal functions.

According to the new CDC data, about 8 percent of high schoolers said they had recently smoked cigarettes in 2018, and about 2 percent of middle schoolers did. "We know very little about the health effects of these new devices, so we designed this research to compare them with cigarette smoking and vaping", added Sharma.

The CDC report singles out the company's sleek device, which is fueled by liquid nicotine "pods", as a reason that the rate of youth e-cigarette use has climbed so high.

The group also recommended that vaping products be sold behind a counter by a health professional without attractive packaging and with all of the ingredients clearly labelled. He also noted that federal law prohibits states from regulating tobacco product transport by truck, which could conflict with the proposal, as drafted.

"Vaping products successfully evaded the regulations that reduced youth tobacco initiation over the past 20-plus years, including age restrictions on purchases accompanied by retailer fines, advertising bans, taxes to increase the price, and the restriction on use of products indoors", Ylioja said.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released its annual "Vital Signs" report. The figure dropped to 21.7% of Hispanics and was down to 18.4% of non-Hispanic other race.

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