Published: Fri, February 01, 2019
Medicine | By Brett Sutton

Measles Outbreak: What You Need To Know About Disease

Measles Outbreak: What You Need To Know About Disease

The state of emergency directs state agencies and departments to use their resources to assist affected areas in their response.

State health officials say a case of the measles has been confirmed in a resident of Multnomah County, which is home to Portland.

The number of confirmed measles cases near Portland grew to 31 on Friday - an outbreak boosted by lower-than-normal vaccination rates in what has been called an anti-vaccination U.S.

One case also was confirmed in King County, Washington, in the Seattle area, and another in Multnomah County, Oregon.

The latest update from the county's health department said that 23 measles cases have been confirmed and two more suspected cases are under investigation, CBS News reported.

Anti-vaccination propaganda has already led to province-wide measles outbreaks in 2014 and 2010, and the BCCDC is understandably concerned about another as the disease spreads through the neighbouring states.

The CDC says that typically individuals get measles overseas in areas where immunization rates are low, and then spread the illness in pockets of unvaccinated people.

The BC Centre for Disease Control, a part of the Provincial Health Services Authority, provides public health leadership through surveillance, detection, treatment, prevention and consultation services. As many as 1 out of every 20 children with measles gets pneumonia, the most common cause of death from measles in young children.

The measles vaccine is available at local clinics and pharmacies as a combined measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine.

Officials there say they expect more cases. The other four cases' immunization statuses are unverified.

"Measles is a highly contagious infectious disease that can be fatal in small children", Washington Governor Jay Inslee said in a statement.

The virus, spread by coughing or sneezing, can remain in the air for up to two hours in an isolated space.

"It's (the vaccine's) nearly 97 or 98 percent effective if you've taken the two doses", Vaid said.

This 1958 photograph reveals the skin rash on a patient's abdomen 3-days after the onset of a measles infection.

Those who may have been exposed should watch for early symptoms of fever and malaise and then a rash starting on the head and moving down the body, Lindquist said. Complications from the disease, such as swelling of the brain, can be deadly.

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