Published: Sun, February 03, 2019
Medicine | By Brett Sutton

Vaping twice better for quitting smoking than patches, gum

Vaping twice better for quitting smoking than patches, gum

A major new study provides the strongest evidence yet that vaping can help smokers quit cigarettes, with e-cigarettes proving almost twice as effective as nicotine gums and patches. A new study says vaping may be best for quitting cigarettes, but it is still a health risk.

'This is now likely to change'. They were also asked questions created to illuminate how prone they were toward risky behaviors and sensation-seeking.

"All stop smoking services should welcome smokers who want to quit with the help of an e-cigarette".

"This may ultimately further accelerate the reduction in smoking and in smoking-related diseases", said Dunja Przulj, another author of the study, also from Queen Mary University of London.

Despite the impressive findings, Levy and the other experts Gizmodo spoke to said more research is still needed in the USA and elsewhere, using newer devices, before doctors here can wholeheartedly endorse vaping as a superior cessation aid over the standard treatment (likely with regular counseling to boot).

But he added: 'Given that ecigs may cause some harm when used over many years I would encourage users to think of them as a stop-gap, but they are far better than smoking - ex-smokers should not stop using them if they are anxious they may go back to cigarettes'. It's true, e-cigarettes do contain nicotine, and sometimes in equivalent quantities as to what is found in a combustible cigarette.

"Australia can catch up with Canada, New Zealand, the United States, and the United Kingdom and legalise smoke-free alternatives to help smokers quit for good".

"Smokers have a range of options available to help them quit, including nicotine replacement therapy, prescription medication or e-cigarettes".

Overall, teens are four times more prone to trying traditional tobacco cigarettes if they've ever used an e-cigarette, the researchers said.

Funded by the National Institute for Health Research, supported by Cancer Research UK and published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the new study was set-up to test the long-term efficacy of newer refillable e-cigarettes compared with a range of nicotine replacement treatments.

It has been one of the most pressing unanswered questions in public health: Do e-cigarettes actually help smokers quit?

The New York Times reports that a yearlong, randomized trial conducted in the UK shows that e-cigarettes are almost twice as effective as smoking cessation products like patches or gum, which in the United States are the only two smoking cessation products approved by the FDA. The findings may deal a blow to the vaping industry, which has come under fire by the FDA for allegedly marketing to teenagers by using fruit flavors.

However, up until now there had been a shortage of evidence on how effective they were as stop-smoking tools. In addition, some flavorings of e-cigs have been shown to be harmful.

Those given e-cigarettes were encouraged to buy future supplies of their own choice of strengths and flavours, and all participants received weekly one-on-one behavioural support for at least four weeks. It showed teenage use surged 78 percent from 2017 to 2018.

Matthew Myers of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids noted that the British study used so-called tank-based e-cigarettes, which allow users to customize their flavors and nicotine levels. Those devices have largely been overtaken in the Juul and similar devices that have prefilled nicotine cartridges, or pods.

"This is a reminder that e-cigarettes are very addictive, and that's one of the reasons why we're concerned about teens using them", Sadreameli said. "And in the absence of FDA regulation, a consumer has no way of knowing if the product they are using has the potential to help them or not".

Ian Armitage was skeptical about e-cigarettes as a way to stop smoking, saying he tried vaping several years ago but gave it up after experiencing twitching and shakes from nicotine withdrawal.

Armitage, who has smoked for 15 years, said he also tried nicotine patches but found they irritated his skin.

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